Why the rise of fascism is again the issue 26 February The recent 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz was a reminder of the great crime of fascism, whose Nazi iconography is embedded in our consciousness.
What are the main causes for rise of Totalitarianism in Europe? Samir The following factors contributed to the rise of totalitarianism in Europe between First, the humiliating treatment rneeted out to Germany by the Treaty of Versailles, created a sense of hatred and revenge amongst the I Germans.
The treaty had mutilated Germany physically, humiliated her emotionally, suffocated her economically and encircled her territorially. This had greatly offended the popular sentiments in Germany. Hitler fully exploited these sentiments to establish his dictatorship in German".
Secondly, the Treaty of Versailles greatly disappointed Italy. Though she fought on the side of the victors she could not gain whatever had been promised to her during the war.
Italy had to face 'poverty, discontent and disorder. Naturally, the Italians were in the look out for a man who could help them to achieve their national ambitions and they found such a person in Benito Mussolini and permitted him to establish his totalitarian rule in Italy.
Fourthly, in Russia the Communist leaders were determined to spread communism all over the world.
|From chancellor to dictator (1933-38)||Moreover, he argues that our higher education system could become complicit in the advance of fascism. Ultranationalist fascism creates an overpowering, omnipotent state that serves the interests of a few at the expense of the rest of society; it leads to oppression and conflict.|
They crushed all the anti-revolutionary forces within the country with firm hand and tried to promote communism in other countries of world by resorting to all types of methods.
In addition to the particular cause which helped the growth of totalitarian regimes in various countries there were some general causes which also contributed to the rise of dictatorships.
In the first place, the democratic governments established after the First World War proved a miserable failure in so far as they failed to solve the social, economic and political problems facing their countries in the post-war period. Their failure was fully exploited to establish dictatorial regimes.
Secondly, the world wide economic depression of caused enormous hardship and suffering to the people and gave rise to a spirit of frustration, despondency and despair among the people.
The people were naturally allured by the leaders who promised them a bright future and rendered them willing obedience.
Finally, the failure of the League of Nations to check aggression and preserve world peace also greatly contributed to the rise of totalitarian regimes. Japan, Italy, Germany etc.The surrender of Germany and Japan led to the end of World War II in From realist perspectives, World War II was regarded as the continuation of World War I because there was unstable balance of power in Europe (Nau, ).
Another main reason for the rise of fascism was the weak political systems running Italy in the years leading up to the fascists reign. There were no less than 6 liberal coalitions that frequently clashed. The next two reasons, Japan's belief in its leadership role for Asia and Japan's frequent provocations by Western powers, gave rise to an expansion of militarism and imperialism from to the s.
- Although measures were set in place to avoid a second world war, many things caused it to be inevitable. The Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Hitler, the rise of Japan as a world power, the rise of fascism in Italy and the League of Nations were all factors which contributed to the cause of World War II.
Japan's nationalism was aggressive and expansionist, allowing Japan itself to become one of the imperial powers in an astonishingly short amount of time.
China's nationalism, in contrast, was reactive and disorganized, leaving the country in chaos and at the mercy of foreign powers until Between and , prior to his rise to power, Perón had developed a deep admiration of Italian Fascism and modelled his economic policies on Italian Fascist policies.
 The term neo-fascism refers to fascist movements after World War II.