Minggu, 09 Oktober General Control and Application Control Control as we know, is a substance material in every single system in this world. There were many kind of control do we have recently. In the world of computer audit they also have general control and application control as their internal control. General and Applications control basically have the same purposes.
Because of their failure to do Configuration Management.
When a tank used in the war broke down and needed a replacement part, it will be ordered. Most of the replacement parts would arrive on time, but would not fit nicely, causing the tank to be put out of service.
Over the next few months, the supply of the German tanks reduced considerably, and the Americans and Britishers triumphed. Configuration Management is the solution to solve this wrong-replacement-part problem.
It tracks the different revisions to the design, blueprints, technical specifications, and can tell you which one is the lastest revision, so that the right part can be identified. Configuration Control focuses on the specifications of of both the deliverables and the processes.
Change Control is focused on identifying, documenting and controlling changes to the project and the project baselines.
A Change Management Plan documents how changes will be monitored and controlled. The plan defines the process for managing change on the project. A Configuration Management plan documents how configuration management will be performed. It defines those items that are configurable, those that require formal change control, and the process for controlling changes to such items.
A configuration is the identified and documented functional and physical characteristics of a product, service, result or the component.
First of all, you must know the difference between a project and an operation. An example of Configuration Management: It requires you to send your team to upgrade the software, hardware, and get the system up and running in each of the locations country wide, in the next 6 months.
Each location has their own servers, and you need to upgrade them to standard version of hardware, software, utitilies and application, which are all compatible with each other. But your team will have a tough time if you did not setup a proper Configuration Management System, which will track the different versions of the Hardware, software, compatibility between the versions that are running on each server, and enable the team to know what is compatible, not compatible, and what has been upgraded or not upgraded.
Remember, this is a large project, and your team is going to be spread out — no one person will be able to remember the different versions of each server specifications, and their upgrade state.
The Key Elements of Configuration Management are: The ablity to check the work into a common repository, retrieve it anytime to see any changes done by anyone, and maintain full version history. Baseline and release information: When was the last version released, what did it contain, and having a baseline version to deploy at any time.
Audit of the process to ensure that people are actually following the configuration management and versioning system properly, correctly, consistently.
An agreed upon process by all team members to ensure compliance in actual implementation.The main difference between PLC & SCADA is their function and how they execute it. PLC is essentially a hardware based system.
It is nothing but a computer designed for one specific task of reading field instruments and controlling actuators, motors etc based on what program is written in it. Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in the United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
The COBIT Framework (Control Objectives for Information Technology) is a widely used framework promulgated by the IT Governance Institute, which defines a variety of ITGC and application control . (b) Internal Control Evaluation and Reporting.—With respect to the internal control assessment required by subsection (a), each registered public accounting firm that prepares or issues the audit report for the issuer shall attest to, and report on, the assessment made by the management of the issuer.
Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in the United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The COBIT Framework (Control Objectives for Information Technology) is a widely used framework promulgated by the IT Governance Institute, which defines a variety of ITGC and application control . What is the difference between the Power & Control Cables? Power Cables - No. of Cores 2,3, 3 1/2 & 4 Core Control Cables - Upto 63 Cores or above Standards Applicable for both - IS & IS Introduction to Statistical Process Control (SPC) The range is simply the difference between the highest and lowest value. The following steps are required to build an X-bar and R chart: A general rule is to collect measurements in groups of 4 which would result in 25 data points.
The differences between continuous closed-loop control, discrete closed-loop control, and open-loop control can be subtle. Here are some snippets of pseudo-code to illustrate each: Open-loop control. For the control volume shown, the rate of change of mass inside the volume is given by the difference between the mass flow rate in and the mass flow rate out.
For a single flow coming in and a single flow coming out this is If the mass inside the control volume changes with time it is because some. Sales and Purchase Ledger Control Account. Control accounts are the summarized form of their related regardbouddhiste.com are shown in the general ledger and act as a control to check if the total in the general ledger is in sync with the total of its associated subledgers.