Early life The making of a revolutionary It is difficult to identify any particular events in his childhood that might prefigure his turn onto the path of a professional revolutionary. Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov was born in Simbirsk, which was renamed Ulyanovsk in his honour. He adopted the pseudonym Lenin in during his clandestine party work after exile in Siberia.
Russia, they believed, was immune to capitalism, owing to the circumstances of joint ownership of peasant land by the village commune. This view had been first attacked by Plekhanov in the s.
Plekhanov had argued that Russia had already entered the capitalist stage, looking for The life and leadership of vladimir lenin to the rapid growth of industry. Despite the denials of the Populistshe claimed, the man of the future in Russia was indeed the proletarian, not the peasant. While attempting to apply the Marxist scheme of social development to Russia, Plekhanov had come to the conclusion that the revolution in Russia would have to pass through two discrete stages: But, almost immediately, Lenin went a step beyond his former mentor, especially with regard to the peasant question.
In an attack on the Populists published inLenin charged that, even if they realized their fondest dream and divided all the land among the peasant communes, the result would not be Socialism but rather capitalism spawned by a free market in agricultural produce.
Even while in exile in Siberia, Lenin had begun research on his investigation of the peasant question, which culminated in his magisterial Development of Capitalism in Russia published legally in In this work, a study of Russian economics, he argued that capitalism was rapidly destroying the peasant commune.
An abortive First Congress, held in in Minskhad failed to achieve this objective, for most of the delegates were arrested shortly after the congress. The organizing committee of the Second Congress decided to convene the congress in Brussels inbut police pressure forced it to transfer to London.
The congressional sessions wore on for nearly three weeks, for no point appeared too trivial to debate. The main issues, nevertheless, quickly became plain: Capitalism, he contended, predisposed the workers to the acceptance of Socialism but did not spontaneously make them conscious Socialists.
At the Second Congress the Iskra group split, and Lenin found himself in a minority of opinion on this very issue. According to Lenin the party had to be a highly centralized body organized around a small, ideologically homogeneous, hardened core of experienced professional revolutionaries, who would be elected to the central committee by the party congress and who would lead a ramified hierarchy of lower party organizations that would enjoy the support and sympathy of the proletariat and all groups opposed to tsarism.
But a walkout by a disgruntled group of Jewish Social-Democrats, the Bund, left Lenin with a slight majority. The two groups fought each other ceaselessly within the same RSDWP and professed the same program untilwhen Lenin made the split final at the Prague Conference of the Bolshevik Party.
Challenges of the Revolution of and World War I The differences between Lenin and the Mensheviks became sharper in the Revolution of and its aftermath, when Lenin moved to a distinctly original view on two issues: The outbreak of the revolution, in Januaryfound Lenin abroad in Switzerland, and he did not return to Russia until November.
Immediately Lenin set down a novel strategy. But the Mensheviks argued that the bourgeois revolution must be led by the bourgeoisiewith whom the proletariat must ally itself in order to make the democratic revolution.
This would bring the liberal bourgeoisie to full power, whereupon the RSDWP would act as the party of opposition.
Lenin defiantly rejected this kind of alliance and post-revolutionary regime. Now he flatly declared that the proletariat was the driving force of the revolution and that its only reliable ally was the peasantry.
The bourgeoisie he branded as hopelessly counterrevolutionary and too cowardly to make its own revolution.
If the Russian revolution should inspire the western European proletariat to make the Socialist revolution, for which industrial Europe was ripe, the Russian revolution might well pass over directly to the second stage, the Socialist revolution.
After the defeat of the Revolution ofthe issue between Lenin and the Mensheviks was more clearly drawn than ever, despite efforts at reunion. But, forced again into exile from toLenin found serious challenges to his policies not only from the Mensheviks but within his own faction as well.Vladimir Ilich Lenin was born in Simbirsk (today Ulianovsk), Russia, on April 10, His real family name was Ulianov, and his father, Ilia Nikolaevich Ulianov, was Died: Jan 21, Watch video · Explore the life of Leon Trotsky, whose intellect and leadership made him a change agent during the Russian Revolution, only to lose favor with Lenin and incur the wrath of Joseph regardbouddhiste.com: Nov 07, Throughout his life Lenin often used pseudonyms for work or for security reasons.
His real name is Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was born in the town of Simbirsk in on 9 April (in a European-style calendar was adopted in the country, these days his birthday falls on 22 April).
Vladimir Lenin - World Leaders in History. Leader of the Bolshevik Party and a major contributor to communist theory, Lenin was the first leader of the Communist Soviet Union. This article contains a brief Vladimir Lenin timeline, highlighting some of the key events in Lenin’s life, and his rise to leadership of the Russian Revolution and the .
Vladimir Lenin () Regarded as one of the greatest revolutionary leaders in history, Vladimir Lenin was the founder of the Russian Communist Party, the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution.