The Last Frontier In the frontier line generally followed the western limits of the states bordering the Mississippi River, but bulged outward beyond the eastern sections of Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska. Then, running north and south for nearly 1, kilometers, loomed huge mountain ranges, many rich in silver, gold, and other metals. To their west, plains and deserts stretched to the wooded coastal ranges and the Pacific Ocean.
Melissa 8 comments By the time Rainey Bethea was executed on August 14,most of the United States had ceased executing people publicly.
This was in large part because of the natural ghoulishness of the event, combined with the propensity for mistakes that make the whole thing even more disturbing to watch. However, in Kentucky in an execution could still be held publicly and, according to the jury at his trial, Bethea deserved such an end.
An orphan since about the age of 10, a 26 or 27 year old Bethea was accused of robbing, raping and strangling to death a wealthy year-old Elza Edwards in Owensboro, Daviess County, Kentucky on June 7, Because a potential death sentence for robbery and murder under Kentucky law called for electrocution at the state penitentiary in Eddyville, the prosecutor, wanting the potential execution to take place in Owensboro, only went forward with the charges of rape, which carried the possible sentence of public hanging.
Further, in one of his confessions he also told the police where he hid the items he stole from Elza; those items were found in the barn he specified.
Anticipating that people would claim they had forced Bethea to confess, during his second confession, police invited notary public Robert M. Morton and reporter George H. Koper to attend the confession as witnesses to the fact that, at least while those two were present, no coercion took place.
Lawyers were appointed to represent Bethea, including noted anti-death penalty advocate William W.
This was because, at the trial, Bethea pled guilty. After the prosecutor closed his case on June 25,the judge instructed the jury that their only job was to decide whether Bethea should get between 10 and 20 years in the state pen or the death sentence.
The jury deliberated for less than five minutes and returned with the sentence of death by hanging, a mere three weeks after the crime was committed. The fact that the whole thing from murder to scheduled hanging was to take place in only about two months, and that a young black man who had previously only been convicted of a few minor, non-violent crimes was now being sentenced to death without any real defense on his behalf being performed, more than a few cried foul.
As such, post-sentence, Bethea found a cadre of black lawyers willing to donate their time to his case. They attempted to overturn the first conviction through various means, but all to no avail. They did, however, manage to get him a hearing on August 5th in Louisville in front of District Judge Elwood Hamilton.
During this hearing, Bethea stated all five of his signed confessions were coerced and that he was not given full details of what he was signing in each case. On top of that, he claimed his previous lawyers had also forced him to plead guilty.
This was not because many continued to hold to the notion that Bethea was actually innocent- the evidence against him was just too convincing despite initial skepticism- but rather because the person charged with hanging Bethea, the County sheriff, was a woman, Florence Shoemaker Thompson- the first female sheriff in the U.
Thompson had been appointed to the post of sheriff by the county judge in April of after the previous sheriff, her husband Everett, died unexpectedly of pneumonia at just 42 years old. Thompson would later be elected officially, garnering a whopping 9, votes vs.
Perhaps because of this particular execution, a task she loathed on personal moral grounds, she chose not to seek the position a second time. She was, however, subsequently appointed a deputy sheriff by her successor, a position she held for nine years.
Anticipating the hoopla surrounding a young, condemned black man being led up the gallows to be hung by a white, female sheriff in the South, and the keen interest their followers would have in hearing about it, reporters from across the nation flocked to the event.
Given the national attention, beyond numerous death threats directed at herself and her children, Thompson also received offers to assist with the execution.
In one case, a U. Marshall wrote to her and suggested she retain the services of one G.Aug 21, · Watch video · Alaska contains 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the United States. At 20, feet, Mt. McKinley is the tallest mountain in North . Which characteristic of the American frontier continues to be an important part of life in the United States today?
significant opportunities for social and economic mobility In which pair of events did the first event most directly influence the second? Dutch Harbor in April Photograph: Harley D. Nygren. America's last frontier!
On March 30, , the United States agreed to purchase Alaska from Russia for $ million dollars, about two cents an acre; "Seward's Folly" many called it, after Secretary of State William H.
Seward. The Last Frontier United States History In the frontier line generally followed the western limits of the states bordering the Mississippi River, bulging outward .
The Last Frontier of the United States The last frontier of the United States was a great time period where Americans and immigrants from around the world came and settled for new land. It was a time where the federal government encouraged western settlement and economic exploitation.
The last frontier of the United States was a great time period where Americans and immigrants from around the world came and settled for new land.
It was a time where the federal government encouraged western settlement and economic exploitation.