During his writing career Sir Arthur wrote twenty-one novels and over short stories. He also published nonfiction, essays, articles, memoirs and three volumes of poetry. He left thousands of letters to the press, his mother about lettersfamily, friends and acquaintances, including Winston Churchill, P.
Auguste Dupin is generally acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many that were created later, including Holmes.
Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it? Conan Doyle repeatedly said that Holmes was inspired by the real-life figure of Joseph Bella surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburghwhom Conan Doyle met in and had worked for as a clerk.
Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing broad conclusions from minute observations.
Littlejohn, who was also Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, provided Conan Doyle with a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime. It is not known if Conan Doyle read Maximilien Heller, but he was fluent in French,  and in this novel sixteen years before the first adventure of Sherlock HolmesHenry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, polymath, cat-loving, and opium-smoking Paris-based detective.
Nevertheless, mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy.
Holmes says that he first developed his methods of deduction as an undergraduate; his earliest cases, which he pursued as an amateur, came from fellow university students.
Watson as a fellow lodger. The two take lodgings at B Baker StreetLondon, an apartment at the upper north end of the street, up seventeen steps. Holmes worked as a detective for twenty-three years, with physician John Watson assisting him for seventeen. Their residence is maintained by their landlady, Mrs.
Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it ["A Study in Scarlet"] with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proportion should be observed in treating them.
The only point in the case which deserved mention was the curious analytical reasoning from effects to causes, by which I succeeded in unravelling it. It was worth a wound; it was worth many wounds; to know the depth of loyalty and love which lay behind that cold mask. The clear, hard eyes were dimmed for a moment, and the firm lips were shaking.
For the one and only time I caught a glimpse of a great heart as well as of a great brain. All my years of humble but single-minded service culminated in that moment of revelation. He is known only in select profession circles at the beginning of the first story, but is already collaborating with Scotland Yard.
The first set of Holmes stories was published between and Wishing to devote more time to his historical novels, Conan Doyle killed off Holmes in a final battle with the criminal mastermind Professor James Moriarty in "The Final Problem" publishedbut set in However, there is no known contemporary source for this; the earliest known reference to such events comes from InConan Doyle wrote "The Adventure of the Empty House", set in ; Holmes reappears, explaining to a stunned Watson that he had faked his death to fool his enemies.
Sherlock Holmes blue plaque in East Dean Holmes aficionados refer to the period from to —between his disappearance and presumed death in "The Final Problem" and his reappearance in "The Adventure of the Empty House"—as the Great Hiatus.
The move is not dated precisely, but can be presumed to predate since it is referred to retrospectively in "The Second Stain", first published that year.
The story features Holmes and Watson coming out of retirement to aid the war effort. Described by Watson in The Hound of the Baskervilles as having a "cat-like" love of personal cleanliness, Holmes is an eccentric with no regard for contemporary standards of tidiness or good order.
In many of the stories, Holmes dives into an apparent mess to find a relevant item. Although in his methods of thought he was the neatest and most methodical of mankind He had a horror of destroying documents Thus month after month his papers accumulated, until every corner of the room was stacked with bundles of manuscript which were on no account to be burned, and which could not be put away save by their owner.
While the detective is usually dispassionate and cold, during an investigation he is animated and excitable.
He has a flair for showmanship, preparing elaborate traps to capture and expose a culprit often to impress observers. Holmes derives pleasure from baffling police inspectors with his deductions and has supreme confidence—bordering on arrogance—in his intellectual abilities.Arthur Conan Doyle.
New York: Frederick Ungar, E-mail Citation» Cox’s book provides a brief biography of Conan Doyle and a solid discussion of his work, with a focus on the Sherlock Holmes fiction. Though brief, the book adequately details Conan Doyle’s . Arthur Conan Doyle’s novel A Study in Scarlet illustrates the unexpected nuances that students can discover in familiar cultural icons.
Instructors of college composition can use students’ fascination with Sherlock Holmes to inspire meaningful classroom discussion, research, and writing. Doyle had written for his own pleasure up until this point in his life but succeeded in publishing A Study in Scarlet in , a slim novel that introduced the world to Sherlock Holmes.
Spark notes 1 Doyle wrote another Sherlock Holmes novel, The Sign of Four, in , and moved with his . Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet Subsequent stories reveal that Watson's early assessment was incomplete in places and inaccurate in others, due to the passage of time if nothing else.
At the end of A Study in Scarlet, Holmes demonstrates a knowledge of Latin. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet. In , Anthony Horowitz published a Sherlock Holmes novel, The House of Silk, presented as a continuation of Conan Doyle's work and with the approval of the Conan Doyle estate.
Arthur Conan Doyle also wrote nonfiction. In , he published Through the Magic Door, a long essay about the charisma and charm of books. He also wrote several books dealing with public topics, such as The Crime of the Congo ().