Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Bombings On August 6,after 44 months of increasingly brutal fighting in the Pacific, an American B bomber loaded with a devastating new weapon appeared in the sky over Hiroshima, Japan. Minutes later, that new weapon—a bomb that released its enormous destructive energy by splitting uranium atoms to create a chain reaction—detonated in the sky, killing some 70, Japanese civilians instantly and leveling the city.
Some of these documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise. As you think about each document, take into account both the source and any point of view that may be presented in it. Then, in Part B, use information from the documents in Part A and your knowledge of history, geography, and current events to write a well-organized essay in which you: Discuss the different perspectives on the U.
Evaluate the moral implications of the decision. Was the decision justified? Some argue that the bombing was necessary to end World War II, while others believe that more thancivilians died in vain.
Examine each document carefully and then answer the question or questions that follow. Document 1 "I had then set up a committee of top men and had asked them to study with great care the implications the new weapons might have for us.
It was their recommendation that the bomb be used against the enemy as soon as it could be done. It had to be used against an enemy target. The final decision of where and when to use the atomic bomb was up to me. Let there be no mistake about it. I regarded the bomb as a military weapon and never doubted it should be used.
Truman Why did President Truman feel that the atomic bomb had to be used against enemy targets? Document 2 "The use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan.
The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children.
Why did Admiral Leahy think the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was ethically wrong? Document 3 "The face of war is the face of death; death is an inevitable part of every order that a wartime leader gives. The destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki put an end to the Japanese war.
It stopped the fire raids, and the strangling blockade; it ended the ghastly specter of a clash of great land armies.
In this last great action of the Second World War we were given final proof that war is death. Document 4 "How can a human being with any claim to a sense of moral responsibility deliberately let loose an instrument of destruction which can at one stroke annihilate an appalling segment of mankind?
This is not war: This is a crime against God and humanity which strikes at the very basis of moral existence. What meaning is there in any international law, in any rule of human conduct, in any concept of right and wrong, if the very foundations of morality are to be overthrown as the use of this instrument of total destruction threatens to do?
On Truman's orders, the first atomic bomb ever wielded in war exploded over Hiroshima. For Americans in uniform and those who waited for them to come home, outrageous as this might appear from the moral heights of hindsight, it was a sunburst of deliverance.
To the east and to the west everything was flattened. The Journal of a Japanese Physician August 6 - September 30, What observations did the doctor make about the effects of the bombing on his city? Document 7 Images of Nagasaki, Source: The Japan Peace Museum www.The United States’ rightful decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a military measure calculated to speed the end of the war.
The bombings were nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States. The ultimate decision made by President. AP U.S. History DBQ – The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb 1 Prompt: Was the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki a military necessity, a scientific Dropping the Atomic Bomb DBQ regardbouddhiste.com decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki that was developed by the Thandi Center.
This DBQ was found on line and is a fairly balanced mix of perspectives, both Japanese and.
Atomic Bomb Dbq Essay As World War II was coming to an end during , the creation of one of the most destructive weapons known to humanity occurred within the United States - Atomic Bomb Dbq Essay introduction. The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-Second-World War II era rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan's unconditional surrender.
The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Why did the United States drop two atomic bombs on Japan? Did the benefits of dropping the bomb outweigh the costs?
Document 1 "I had then set up a committee of top men and had asked them to study with great care the implications the new weapons might have for us.