There are billions of potential teratogens, but only a few agents are proven to have teratogenic effects. These effects can result in a baby being born with a birth defect. Approximately 4 to 5 percent of birth defects are caused by exposure to a teratogen.
Chemicals to Avoid During Pregnancy Pollutants, pesticides and pregnancy hazards to watch out for With environmental pollution, work hazards and household toxins all around, it may seem like there's no safe space when you're pregnant.
Unfortunately, many things that you ignored or passed off as harmless before you conceived are now real threats to your safety and the health of your growing baby. This is the time to assess your living and working environments, making adjustments if needed.
Find out what elements are safe for you and your baby and what kind of products and substances to avoid at all costs until you deliver. Once you know which pollutants to avoid in pregnancy and how to avoid them, you'll have one less thing to worry about in the months ahead.
Toxic Pollution Affects Pregnancy Many people worry about how air pollution affects their daily lives, and although breathing dirty air is disconcerting, take comfort in the fact that it probably won't have any harmful effect on your unborn baby. On the other hand, it makes good sense to do what you can to breathe clean and fresh air as much as possible, so take some preventative measures within and outside your home.
Stay away from smoke, excessive car exhaust and smoggy environments. Have your car air filter and exhaust checked to make sure no fumes are leaking in, and heed the weather warnings by staying inside an air-conditioned building on days with particularly bad air quality.
If you want to boost the general air quality in your living space, add some house plants, which can absorb toxic fumes and emit more oxygen for a healthier home and a healthier pregnancy.
Hazardous Chemicals to Avoid during Pregnancy Cleaning products, pesticides and paint are probably the most worrisome household teratogens during pregnancy.
In many cases, these won't do any harm when you use them sparingly and cautiously, but it's a good idea to choose your products wisely to minimize the risk. One sign of a potentially hazardous chemical is a strong, pungent odor, so it's a good idea to trust your nose when deciding which product to use.
Although these chemicals are probably alright to use in a well-ventilated area, it's best to avoid them while you're carrying your baby. Cleaning products and pregnancy can be a dangerous combination, so check labels for warnings about toxicity and avoid anything with a long list of warningsnever mix ammonia and chlorine products and always wear rubber gloves when you're cleaning.
The outside of your home will need maintenance as well, and the products you typically use in your yard can be more harmful than those used inside.
The relationship between pesticides and pregnancy is not fully understood, but one thing is for sure: The hazard is in the fumes, so if neighbors insist on spraying, stay out of the area as much as possible for two to three days, which should give the fumes enough time to dissipate.
When it comes to yard maintenance, go green and pull out weeds by hand and eradicate bugs with gentle and natural techniques wherever possible.However, sometimes a medication necessary for health is also a teratogen: thyroid medication, blood thinners, and lithium are just a few examples.
In these cases, female patients should work carefully with their doctors to determine if an alternative treatment is possible before and during pregnancy. There is no need to avoid necessary medication if your doctor and pharmacist deem it safe to use during pregnancy.
However, it is advisable to avoid any and all substances, be it pharmaceutical or otherwise, if it is not necessary. The best way to reduce the risk of exposure to teratogens during pregnancy is to avoid taking medications when possible and to avoid exposure to the following: Excessive Heat Avoid prolonged stays in whirlpools, steam rooms, or saunas.
"A teratogen is anything that causes abnormalities in the development of the fetus if the mother is exposed to it during pregnancy. Examples of different types of teratogensinclude certain chemicals, medications and infections.".
One teratogen that affects the central nervous system is alcohol.
Alcohol, at any time during the pregnancy, has the potential to cause birth defects and health problems in the baby, since the central nervous system is sensitive to teratogens the entire nine months of gestation. This page describes harmful substances, called teratogens, which a women should avoid during pregnancy.
These include certain chemicals, medications, social drugs, alcohol, smoking, and infections.