Here Socrates discusses the deficiencies of writing. The name of that divinity was Theuth, and it was he who first discovered number and calculation, geometry and astronomy, as well as the games of checkers and dice, and, above all else, writing. Now the king of all Egypt at that time was Thamus, who lived in the great city in the upper region that the Greeks call Egyptian Thebes …. Theuth came to exhibit his arts to him and urged him to disseminate them to all the Egyptians.
Introduction to Phaedo The Relationship Between Socrates and Plato Most of what we think we know about Socrates comes from a student of his over forty years his junior, Plato.
Socrates himself wrote--so far as we know--nothing. Plato to B.
E is especially important to our understanding of the trial of Socrates because he, along with Xenophon, wrote the only two surviving accounts of the defense or apology of Socrates.
Of the two authors, Plato's account is generally given more attention by scholars because he, unlike Xenophon, actually attended the one-day trial of Socrates in Athens in B. Plato's metaphysics and epistemology appear to have been originally influenced by Presocratic thinkers.
As a young man, however, Plato became a student of Socrates and turned his attention to the question of what constitutes a virtuous life. Almost all of Plato's Socrates writings date from after Socrates's trial and execution.
Although Plato earlier showed an interest in politics, Socrates writings death sentence and disillusionment with the behavior of an oligarchy known as the Thirty Tyrants that assumed power in seem to have caused Plato to turn to a life of philosophical reflection and writing. Plato is often closely identified with the discredited eight-month rule of the Thirty Tyrants because of the large role played in that government by his mother's uncle, Critias, and a lesser role played by his mother's brother, Charmides.
During their brief hold on power, the oligarchy practiced widespread executions of political opponents and confiscated the property of wealthy Athenians. Plato's writings are generally divided into three broad groups: Three of Plato's four writings concerning the last days of Socrates come from the earliest "Socratic" period: Euthyphro, the Apology, and the Crito.
Euthyphro is an imagined dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro about piety--Socrates stood charged with impiety--as Socrates prepared to enter the Royal Stoa to formally answer the charges brought against him by Meletus and other accusers.
The Apology is presented as the speech given by Socrates in his own defense at his trial. The Crito is a piece in which Socrates discussed his obligation to accept his punishment of death, however unjust he and his supporters might think it to be.
Phaedo, a dialogue describing Socrates' thoughts on death and other subjects before he drinks the fatal hemlock comes from Plato's middle, or transitional period.
Because of Plato's obviously high regard for his mentor, many scholars suspect that in his Apology Plato failed to disclose some of the most compelling evidence of Socrates' guilt.
While recognizing, of course, that the Apology is not a verbatim account of Socrates's speech, other scholars argue that Plato's account must be fairly accurate. These scholars point out that Plato wrote at a time during which he could expect many of his readers to have firsthand knowledge of the trial, reducing any incentive he might have had to present the case of Socrates too sympathetically.
They also note that at least on two large points, both Plato's and Xenophon's accounts are in agreement: Links to biographies of Plato:The analytic study of Socrates, like analytic philosophy more generally, is fueled by the arguments in the texts—typically addressing a single argument or set of arguments, whether in a single text or across texts; its origins .
Watch video · Socrates was born circa BC, in Athens, Greece. We know of his life through the writings of his students, including Plato and Xenophon.
(Although Socrates also appears as a character in the later dialogues of Plato, these writings more often express philosophical positions Plato himself developed long after Socrates's death.).
It is also clear from other writings and historical artefacts, that Socrates was not simply a character, nor an invention, of Plato. The testimony of Xenophon and Aristotle, alongside some of Aristophanes's work (especially The Clouds), is useful in fleshing out a perception of Socrates beyond Plato's work.
Chapter 1: Know Yourself — Socrates Lesson 1: Self Awareness Unit 3: Foundations for Success 3 doing but how that influences people and situations. you can use the information to make a GIVING AND RECEIVING FEEDBACK positive difference in your communication and in your life.
Watch video · Socrates was born circa BC, in Athens, Greece. We know of his life through the writings of his students, including Plato and Xenophon. His "Socratic method," laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy.
When the political climate of Greece turned, Socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in .