Overviews[ edit ] Many QD examinations involve a comparison of the questioned document, or components of the document, to a set of known standards. The most common type of examination involves handwriting wherein the examiner tries to address concerns about potential authorship. A document examiner is often asked to determine if a questioned item originated from the same source as the known item sthen present their opinion on the matter in court as an expert witness.
ZONES We will divide the individual letters into three zones to better understand how the writer makes specific use of their mind UZtheir emotions MZ and the physical elements in their environment LZ.
In the English alphabet, which is also used for most European languages, including French, German and Italian, a part of every letter is found in the middle zone.
The upper zone has six bizonal letters: The lower zone has six bizonal letters: The middle zone has thirteen single zone letters, the five vowels, a. The letter "f" is the only trizonal letter in the alphabet. Wherever you find extra emphasis of size, embellishment, width, simplicity, force or meagerness, this is the zone the writer is expressing most strongly at that moment of writing.
This is why we need more than one sample of writing for a full, in-depth analysis; it eliminates a "mood-of-the-moment" interpretation. Examples and what to look for are in the Handwriting Insights deck. Connections In American schools, writing is usually first learned by using the manuscript printed form.
As the writer matures he learns the more sophisticated method of joining letter forms called cursive writing. The four most common connective forms are garlands, arcades, angles and thread. You will learn to recognize each type of form and how to interpret its use within the writing.
None of us uses one connective exclusively. One form usually dominates and an another is secondary. The other two forms of connectives may also be present to a lesser degree. Combinations of writing form reveal the personality in each writing, but only in part.
You still must take into consideration the arrangement of the writing and the symbolism of margins, zones, spacing and slant. The most common form of connective between letters is the cup shape of the garland, curved at the bottom and open at the top. It can be found in all three zones, between letters, within letters, even at the beginnings and endings of words.
The garland is a soft, easily stroked connective depicting the writer who is receptive, compliant and easy going. He may be warm and sympathetic, empathetic and sentimental. He is open and responsive to the people and the environment around him.
The writer who uses many garlands is often said to be "people oriented".
He feels before he thinks. The arcade, or inverted garland, is shaped like an arch, curved on top and open at the bottom. M's, n,s and h's are the most obvious arcade formations in the alphabet. You may also find arcades between letters especially in the connection between o, v and w and the letter which follows them.
Usually mixed with other connectives, the arcade is used by the creative personality. This writer is a constructive thinker, one who deliberates before making up his mind.Free Basic Handwriting Analysis Course Take this course and you will learn basic handwriting analysis principles and three writing traits: Size, Slant, and Baseline.
Before you start the course, you should create a writing sample of your own handwriting. Get a piece of unlined paper and, using a black ink pen, write a few sentences, then sign.
Use this primer to analyze your handwriting, then improve your everyday style with five Find out what insights that slightly, left-leaning script can give into your personality.
Use this primer to analyze it, then improve your style with five troubleshooting tips. Most letters are found in the middle zone of writing. The size of the middle zone is the major factor considered in handwriting analysis. Almost all other signs are compared to it. f is the only letter that reaches all three zones.
Large writing and small writing refers to . Parts of this book are reprinted, with written permission, from the book “Handwriting Analysis Secrets to Making Love Happen” by Bart A. Baggett © Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Baggett, Bart A.
Handwriting Analysis Quick Reference Guide for Beginners / by Bart A. Baggett—1st ed. Bibliography: p. 1. Graphology — 2. Handwriting Analysis & Forensic Document Examination Overview. Handwriting analysis and forensic document examination is the process of using scientific methods to determine the origins of documentation, both written and electronically produced.
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