Others use the " " character.
See full list to Permission Scheme for WordPress Permissions will be different from host to host, so this guide only details general principles.
It cannot cover all cases. This guide applies to servers running a standard setup note, for shared hosting using "suexec" methods, see below.
Typically, all files should be owned by your user ftp account on your web server, and should be writable by that account. On shared hosts, files should never be owned by the webserver process itself sometimes this is www, or apache, or nobody user. Any file that needs write access from WordPress should be owned or group-owned by the user account used by WordPress which may be different than the server account.
For example, you may have a user account that lets you FTP files back and forth to your server, but your server itself may run using a separate user, in a separate usergroup, such as dhapache or nobody. In the latter case, that would mean permissions are set more permissively than default for example, rather than for folders, and instead of The file and folder permissions of WordPress should be the same for most users, depending on the type of installation you performed and the umask settings of your system environment at the time of install.
If an experienced user installed WordPress for you, you likely do not need to modify file permissions. Unless you are experiencing problems with permission errors, or you want to, you probably should not mess with this.
If you installed WordPress yourself, you likely DO need to modify file permissions. Some files and directories should be "hardened" with stricter permissions, specifically, the wp-config.
This file is initially created with permissions, and it's a hazard to leave it like that. See Security and Hardening. Typically, all core WordPress files should be writable only by your user account or the httpd account, if different.
Sometimes though, multiple ftp accounts are used to manage an install, and if all ftp users are known and trusted, i. Ask your server admin for more info. If you want to use the built-in theme editor, all files need to be group writable.
Try using it before modifying file permissions, it should work. This may be true if different users uploaded the WordPress package and the Plugin or Theme. This wouldn't be a problem for Plugin and Themes installed via the admin.
When uploading files with different ftp users group writable is needed. On shared hosting, make sure the group is exclusive to users you trust In some cases, this may require assigning permissions. This is a popular approach used by many web hosts.
For these systems, the php process runs as the owner of the php files themselves, allowing for a simpler configuration and a more secure environment for the specific case of shared hosting. In such an suexec configuration, the correct permissions scheme is simple to understand.
All files should be owned by the actual user's account, not the user account used for the httpd process. Group ownership is irrelevant, unless there's specific group requirements for the web-server process permissions checking.
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