Georgeanne Clemes Running head:
IT creates new opportunities for innovation in products and services. Services which used to be delivered in person can now be delivered over networks. Among the key levers are: It can hasten the development of more open and innovative cultures. However, as experts like Davenport warns, and surveys from companies like Reuters confirm, the notion that "information is power" still reigns large in many orggroup warelso, our experience shows that many new systems fail to become accepted by their users, because the systems developers have not been culturally sensitive to the department or group ware, in which the new systems are to be used.
Organization Structures For many years it has been argued that IT will enable larger spans of control and the flattening of group ware. This has at last happened, but due as much to initiatives like BPR business process reengineering and the drive to cut costs.
Research on whether IT encourages cencentralization decdecentralizations produced ambivalent results. Many companies have cencentralizedckroom operations for efficiency while at the same time decdecentralizingher activities.
It now seems clear that IT enables a greater variety of structures. In particular it enables more flexible and fluid structures - networked structuresdispersed team and teams that come and go as needs change as in the virtual corporation.
It provides more effective ways of accessing information from multiple sources, including use of external information on databases and the Internet. However, group decision support systems that operate in a meeting room environment can help enhance decision making, but it does need someone who is an expert facilitator to help the group master the technique of structured discussion.
Work IT is dramatically changing the nature of professional work. There are few offices where professional do not make use of personal computers, and in many jobs involving extensive information and knowledge based work, the use of the computer is often a core activity.
Becoming effective not only requires traditional skills of organizing, thinking, writing etc. One aspect of this is the need for hybrid managers - people who are competent at both their discipline and IT. The Workplace The way in which IT diminishes the effect of distance means that it creates a variety of options for reorganizing the workplace.
At a basic level, it can provide more flexibility in the office, allowing desk sharing and a degree of location independence within a building this will develop as CTI Computer Telephony Integration and wireless PCs become more firmly established. At another level it permits the dispersion of work teams, thus saving costs of relocation and travel.
It has also created the mobile professional and also allows people to work effectively from home. Implications for Management These IT impacts have implications for managers of all organizational functions, and not just MIS managers.
Among the most important are: Understanding the Changing Context of IT - as well as the direct impact on their business managers need to be able to see these developments in the context of the wider environment in which their business operates.
This may need new planning processes, hybrid teams, and a increased incorporation of the levers into business plans. Addressing Culture Issues - the dimensions of existing and desired culture need to be understood and how proposed systems will affect them.
Managing dispersed teams is challenging but rewarding. Ensuring that new systems are customized change proof - our studies have shown many new systems to be developed around existing customized structures and responsibilities. Since these change very rapidly, new systems should be built with orgacustomizedxibility and change in mind.
Using IT as a management tool - initiating personal use of IT into every day work. This should include use of decision support toolsgroupwareknowledge management solutions and exploiting the Internet.
Exploiting Information as a Strategic Asset - using the techniques of Information Resources Management to develop it as a valuable resource for internal use, for adding value to customer activities or services, or for creating saleable products.
Reorganizing the Workplace - by introducing flexible working and telework. The business benefits of this in terms of productivity and cost savings are such that there are many personal benefits to be achieved by a successful implementation.
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Update August The continual stream of high profile IT system failures, such as Taurus Stock Exchange System and the London Ambulance Service system in the UK, show that insufficient attention is still given in many projects to human and organizational factors.
Although awareness of these factors has improved, users are more involved, and new methods such as RAD Rapid Applications Development have helped, too many organizations still fall into the same old habits.
The above Insight is as valid today as when it was written. The developments hinted at in terms of exploiting information are indeed occurring through Internet Commerce and Knowledge Markets.
On a point of terminology. Resources Several books give a good overview of knowledge management strategies and practice: Creating the Collaborative EnterpriseDavid J.
Skyrme, Butterworth-Heinemann - Chapter 2 gives strategies, and chapter 7 programme implementation guidelines.1 Effects of Globalization on Human Resources Management; 2 Six Main Functions of a Human If a manager wants to share a new schedule with a project team, one email with an attachment or a.
INTERNAL & EXTERNAL FACTORS 3 Otherwise globalization can have a negative impact on the planning, organizing, leading, and controlling aspects of management. Technology Technology is an internal factor that causes management to evaluate the four functions of management carefully.
Mar 18, · Five Functions of Management. If you are focused too much on one function as opposed to another, the imbalance can impact both the employees and management. Planning. This is the core function of management because it is the foundation of the other four regardbouddhiste.com: Ryan.
Developing New Skills - more of tomorrow's managers will need to become hybrid managers, combining the knowledge and skills of general management, their own discipline and IT.
Using IT as a management tool - . Numerous factors impact the four functions of management. The functions of management include: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Key components include: external, internal, globalization, technology, innovation, diversity, and ethics.
A prime external factor would include the current state of the of the United States economy. Video: Business Environments & the Four Functions of Management The business environment and the forces that push against it are something every manager must deal with and learn to work with.