Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling Errors: If any of the above errors or infractions it could be possible to lose up to 15 pts.
These disparities drew attention to the important issue of implicit bias — i. This research, which the Kirwan Institute has reviewed in great depth, strongly suggests that a double standard exists — one that is more lenient toward white students and girls — when assessing and addressing challenging student behaviors.
Nevertheless, many still believe that harsh policies are sometimes necessary to keep the majority of students safe, maintain order and establish a positive school climate. So, do suspensions and expulsions really help create an environment conducive to learning for all students?
A new paper by Brea L. Perry and Edward W. The researchers used data from the Kentucky School Discipline Study to examine whether and how out-of-school suspensions affect the academic achievement of non-suspended students.
On the flip side, Perry and Morris also note that the moderate use of exclusionary discipline policies is benign, but that overly punitive environments are toxic and impede learning. These results contradict the most common rationale for maintaining tough exclusionary discipline policies — namely, that removing disruptive students creates a safe, orderly environment conducive to learning for students who conform to school rules.
As Perry and Morris argue, removing a student from the school context may not be the individual act that it might seem. Rather, it occurs within an existing web of social relations and, as such, it affects student networks and the messages and meanings that are shared through these relationships.
The researchers point to two underlying mechanisms that may explain these results. First, at the individual level, a high suspension environment can create a heightened sense of anxiety. Second, at the school level, suspensions disrupt student communities, creating unstable, socially fragmented environments, which undermine the social bonds that undergird positive outcomes.
To be clear, safe and orderly school environment is a necessary precondition for academic achievement, and this study demonstrates that suspension, used in moderation, does not have an adverse impact on non-suspended students.
However, the authors conclude, "effective school discipline is not achieved simply thorough punishment and exclusion.
The December issue of Review of Educational Research provides some answers. Andrea Flower and her colleagues review interventions that rely on the "Good Behavior Game" GBGan empirically based group behavior management strategy that dates back to the s.
The goals of the review, which included 22 studies, were to quantify the effects of GBG on various challenging behaviors and to understand features of the intervention that might affect the magnitude of outcomes. GBG, which does not require extensive training, has been implemented successfully by individuals in different school roles e.
The researchers note that the correct use of rewards is a crucial component of the GBG strategy.
Of course, the Good Behavior Game is but one of many tools available for educators, administrators and parents, and may not be the answer for all grades it mostly has been used in the early elementary gradesfor all students e.
In any case, the good news is that the conversation on discipline has gained momentum, and there are increasing resources for example, see herehereand hereresearch and approaches e. The two studies I highlight here add to this conversation by providing further evidence that: We need to make sure that information about these approaches, as well as the resources, training, and supports that are needed to enact them properly, are available to schools that would benefit from them.New Research On School Discipline.
A new paper by Brea L. Perry and Edward W. Morris, In order to improve the state of our knowledge and encourage effective interventions, the Discipline Disparities Research to Practice Collaborative, a group of 26 nationally known researchers, educators, advocates, and policy analysts, came together.
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The research clearly shows that young people do better when they perceive both firmness and This paper reviews the current literature with the following questions in mind: Research Supporting Positive Discipline Jody McVittie, MD.
Research Supporting Positive Discipline in Homes, Schools and Communities. Introduction Overview The current research supports the Positive Discipline model. This model is based on mutually This paper reviews the current literature with the following questions in mind.
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